Art & Architecture
Cimabue "The betrayal of Christ"
Middle Ages Art
Middle Age artists were predominantly priests and monks who lived in monasteries. The later Middle Ages artists came from varying walks of life Gothic Art emerged later pioneered by several great artists during that period. It was during this period that artists broke away from the influences of the Byzantium art style. Thus it developed into the visual art of the Gothic and Middle Ages
It was the Medieval artists, sculptors and painters who were founders of a movement towards realism which culminated in the Renaissance art style (with artists like Michelangelo and Leonardo Da Vinci).
Names of Famous Middle Ages Artists:
Leon Battista Alberti
Middle Ages Women Artists
These are the known names of Middle Ages women artists some who were manuscript illuminators:
- Claricia - German female artist and nun who illuminated manuscripts in the 12th century
- Herrad of Landsberg (1125-1195) Abbess of Hohenburg
- Ende - 11th century nun and illuminator
- Guda or Guta - German 12th century nun and illuminator
- Diemud or Diemudis (1057-1130) - 12th century Bavarian nun and illuminator
- Abbess Hitda
- Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179)
Bodiam Castle, 1385 Architect: Edward Dalynigriegge
- Religious Cathedrals were built on the Latin Cross floor plan with a nave, transepts and alter
- Military Castles served as defense. They had fortified walls where crossbowmen shot at invaders from cross shaped windows. Soldiers were able to seek shelter behind crenelated battlements.
- Civil Homes Half timbered
- Pre Romanesque
- Romanesque 11th to 12 century columns and arches
- Gothic 11th to 12th centuries flying buttresses, arches, stained glass windows of Biblical scenes such as those at Ile' de France, Paris